10 Native Power Bloomers

native perennials that won’t stop blooming…

Monarch butterfly on Spiderwort in October

Late Monarch Butterfly feeding on October blooming Spiderwort.

With little care, native perennial plants can add a rainbow of color to the garden all season long. With occasional deadheading & cutting back, the following native perennials all have bloomed for over 15 weeks. Most are still blooming as of today (mid October).

Spiderwort -Tradescantia ohiensis

Ohio Spiderwort ( Tradescantia ohiensis )

Common
Spiderwort, Cow Slobber, Indian Paint, Widow’s Tears, Moses in the Bulrushes, Dayflower, Trinity Flower
Zones
4 – 9
Height
12 – 36 inches
Spread
18 – 24 inches
Blooms
June – October
Light
Full Sun – Part Shade
Water
Average
Use
Borders, native gardens, meadows.
Care
Cut stems with spent clusters to side shoot to encourage new blooms.
Attracts
Honeybees, native pollinators, especially bumble bees.
Notes
U.S. native

Garden Phlox -Phlox paniculata

Garden Phlox ( Phlox paniculata 'Purple Flame' )

Common
Garden Phlox, Summer Phlox, Fall Phlox, Perennial Phlox
Zones
4 – 8
Height
12 – 18 inches
Spread
8 – 12 inches
Blooms
July – September
Light
Full Sun – Part Shade
Water
Average
Use
Borders, native gardens, cottage gardens.
Care
Cutback spent flower clusters to encourage side branching. Plant in an area with ventilation to prevent mildew.
Attracts
Bees, butterflies, hummingbird moths, hummingbirds.
Notes
Eastern U.S. native

Cardinal Flower -Lobelia Cardinalis 'Queen Victoria'

Cardinal Flower ( Lobelia Cardinalis 'Queen Victoria' )

Common
Cardinal Flower
Zones
4 – 9
Height
3 – 4 feet
Spread
1 – 2 feet
Blooms
July – September
Color
Bright Red with Burgundy foliage
Light
Full Sun – Part Shade
Water
Medium
Use
Borders, Native gardens, Pond borders, Woodland gardens.
Care
Needs consistent moisture. Divide as needed in spring.
Attracts
Hummingbirds
Notes
Cultivar, species Eastern U.S. native, Deer resistant, Great for attracting & nectar for hummingbirds.

Poppy Mallow -Callirhoe involucrata

Purple Poppy Mallow ( Callirhoe involucrata )

Common
Purple Poppy Mallow
Zones
4 – 8
Height
6 – 12 inches
Spread
6 – 36 inches
Blooms
May – July
Color
Pink, Purple
Light
Full Sun
Water
Average
Use
Ground cover, Border fronts, Rock Gardens, Native gardens, Meadows.
Care
Plant in well drained soil to prevent crown rot.
Attracts
Native bees, Butterflies.
Notes
Central U.S. native

Prairie Coneflower -Ratibida columnifera

Prairie coneflower ( Ratibida columnifera )

Common
Mexican hat, Prairie coneflower, Upright prairie coneflower, Red-spike mexican-hat, Long-headed coneflower, Thimbleflower
Zones
4 – 9
Height
12 – 36 inches
Spread
12 – 18 inches
Blooms
June – September
Light
Full Sun
Water
Dry – Medium
Use
Borders, native gardens, meadows.
Care
Snip faded flowers to encourage new blooms. Leave a few flowers to self-seed.
Attracts
Native bees, butterflies.
Notes
U.S. native

Coreopsis -'Tequila Sunrise'

Variegated Tickseed ( Coreopsis 'Tequila Sunrise' )

Common
Tickseed
Zones
5 – 9
Height
12 – 18 inches
Spread
12 – 18 inches
Blooms
June – September
Light
Full Sun
Water
Dry – Medium
Use
Borders, native gardens, cottage gardens, containers, meadows, naturalized areas.
Care
Snip faded flowers to encourage new blooms. Plants may be cut back hard in summer if foliage sprawls or becomes unkempt. Does not produce viable seed.
Attracts
Native bees, butterflies.
Notes
U.S. native / hybrid

New England Aster -Symphyotrichum novae-angliae

New England Aster ( Symphyotrichum novae-angliae 'Alma Pötschke' )

Common
New England Aster
Zones
4 – 8
Height
3 – 5 feet
Spread
2 – 4 feet
Blooms
August – October
Light
Full Sun
Water
Medium
Use
Borders, native gardens, cottage gardens.
Care
Cut plants back in early July to keep them compact & encourage new blooms. Plants may be cut to the ground after flowering to prevent any unwanted self-seeding.
Attracts
Honeybees, native bees, butterflies.
Notes
Eastern U.S. native

Tickseed -Coreopsis verticillata

Tickseed ( Coreopsis verticillata 'Moonbeam' )

Common
Tickseed, Threadleaf coreopsis, Whorled tickseed, Whorled coreopsis
Zones
3 – 9
Height
18 – 30 inches
Spread
12 – 24 inches
Blooms
July – October
Light
Full Sun
Water
Dry – Average
Use
Borders, native gardens, cottage gardens, naturalized areas.
Care
Deadhead spent flowers & cutback to side shoots to encourage new blooms. Cut stems to the ground when they have finished blooming. Crown rot may occur if grown in moist, poorly drained soils.
Attracts
Native bees, butterflies.
Notes
U.S. native

Blanket Flower -Gaillardia grandiflora 'Arizona Sun'

Blanket Flower ( Gaillardia grandiflora 'Arizona Sun' )

Common
Blanket Flower, Indian Blanket
Zones
3 – 10
Height
24 – 36 inches
Spread
12 – 24 inches
Blooms
June – October
Light
Full Sun
Water
Dry – Average
Use
Borders, native gardens, cottage gardens, cut flowers.
Care
Deadhead spent flowers to encourage new blooms. Short-lived, leave a few flowers to self-seed.
Attracts
Native bees, butterflies.
Notes
Southwestern U.S. native / hybrid

Pink Tickseed -Coreopsis rosea

Pink Tickseed ( Coreopsis rosea 'Heaven’s Gate' )

Common
Tickseed, Pink Tickseed, Pink Coreopsis
Zones
5 – 8
Height
18 – 30 inches
Spread
12 – 24 inches
Blooms
June – October
Light
Full Sun
Water
Medium
Use
Borders, native gardens, cottage gardens, naturalized areas.
Care
Deadhead spent flowers & cutback to side shoots to encourage new blooms. Cut stems to the ground when they have finished blooming. Can be short lived in the Midwest, mulch heavily in the fall after a couple of hard frosts for winter protection.
Attracts
Native bees, butterflies.
Notes
U.S. native / hybrid

Pinks -Dianthus gratianopolitanus 'Firewitch'
Update: This Dianthus (not native, but is non-invasive nor cumbersome) blooms prolifically May – June. Once it has finished blooming, it can be sheared leaving a nice attractive mound of blue-grey foliage that will occasionally send up new blooms throughout the summer into late fall. This plant is still blooming as of today. (This photo was taken Oct. 17th)

  • Cheddar Pink (Dianthus gratianopolitanus 'Firewitch')
  • Bloom time: May – October
  • Care: Cut back spent flowers to side shoots or shear entire plant to encourage new blooms.
10.15.11 by network-green | © 2011
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