Welcome Fall with Flowers

7 fall perennial flowers for late season color in the landscape:

These are care-free, late blooming perennials to add end of summer/fall color to the landscape. Most of these plants are also good for providing pollen/nectar sources to our beneficial pollinators including honeybees, that need an abundance of fall food in order to survive through the winter.

Sedum - Autumn Joy

Showy Stonecrop ( Sedum telephium 'Autumn Joy' )

Common
Stonecrop, Showy Stonecrop
Zones
3 – 9
Height
15 – 24 inches
Spread
18 – 24 inches
Blooms
August – October
Light
Full Sun
Water
Dry – Average
Use
borders, native gardens, rock gardens.
Care
Plant in well drained soil, as it will not tolerate wet soil. Leave plants for winter interest & cut back to the ground in early spring.
Attracts
Honeybees, native pollinators, butterflies.
Notes
Introduced from Europe, but not invasive.

Western Sunflower

Lemon Queen Sunflower ( Helianthus 'Lemon Queen' )

Common
Lemon Queen Sunflower, Perennial Sunflower, Western Sunflower
Zones
4 – 9
Height
6 – 8 feet
Spread
4 – 6 feet
Blooms
August – October
Light
Full Sun
Water
Average – Moist
Use
border backs, screens, native gardens, meadows.
Care
This is a large plant that may require staking to keep upright. Can be cutback in June to keep the height lower.
Attracts
Honeybees, native bees, butterflies.
Notes
U.S. Native / cultivar. Recommended plant for The Backyard Bee Count

New England Aster

New England Aster ( Symphyotrichum novae-angliae 'Alma Pötschke' )

Common
New England Aster
Zones
4 – 8
Height
3 – 5 feet
Spread
2 – 4 feet
Blooms
September – October
Light
Full Sun
Water
Medium
Use
Borders, native gardens, cottage gardens.
Care
Cut plants back in early July to keep them compact & encourage new blooms. Plants may be cut to the ground after flowering to prevent any unwanted self-seeding.
Attracts
Honeybees, native bees, butterflies.
Notes
Eastern U.S. native

Toad lily

Toad-lily ( Tricyrtis formosana 'Samurai' )

Common
Toad-lily
Zones
4 – 9
Height
12 – 18 inches
Spread
12 – 18 inches
Blooms
August – September
Light
Part Shade – Full Shade
Water
Average – Moist
Use
borders, shade gardens, woodland gardens, naturalized areas.
Care
Plant in moist, humusy, slightly acidic soils in part shade. In northern climates provide a deep, dry, winter mulch around the crown of the plant.
Attracts
Halictid bees.
Notes
Native to Taiwan, will naturalize but not invasive.

Cimicifuga 'Chocoholic'

Black Snakeroot ( Cimicifuga 'Chocoholic' )

Common
Black Snakeroot, Black Cohosh, Bugbane, Fairy Candles
Zones
4 – 8
Height
24 – 36 inches
Spread
12 – 24 inches
Blooms
August – October
Light
Light Sun – Full Shade
Water
Medium
Use
Shady borders, native gardens, shade gardens
Care
Some sunlight will help bring out the intense purple of the foliage.
Attracts
Native bees and wasps.
Notes
U.S. native / cultivar.

Bluebird Smooth Aster

Smooth Aster ( Symphyotrichum laeve 'Bluebird' )

Common
Smooth Aster
Zones
4 – 8
Height
24 – 48 inches
Spread
24 – 30 inches
Blooms
September – October
Light
Full Sun
Water
Dry – Medium
Use
Borders, native gardens, cottage gardens, meadows.
Care
Staking is usually not required, so pinching back the stems to control plant height is not necessary. No pest or disease problems.
Attracts
Honeybees, native bees, butterflies.
Notes
U.S. native / Good for erosion control.

Fall Aster

Fall Aster ( Symphyotrichum novi-belgii 'Henry III' )

Common
Michaelmas Daisy, Fall Aster
Zones
4 – 9
Height
12 – 18 inches
Spread
12 – 24 inches
Blooms
August – October
Light
Full Sun
Water
Average
Use
Borders, native gardens, cottage gardens, containers.
Care
Should be planted in areas with good air circulation to reduce problems with powdery mildew. Divide in the spring.
Attracts
Native bees – Very small numbers were observed on this plant
Notes
U.S. native / hybrid.
09.24.12 by network-green | © 2012
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